Tashkent, capital city of the Republic of Uzbekistan, one of the biggest cities of the CIS, counts over 2.3 million inhabitants. Situated on the Chirchik River valley and adjoining the branches of the Western Tian-Shan, Tashkent is a unique modern oasis, a bright pearl among the mountains and sands. It is a dynamically developing city, Uzbekistan’s scientific and cultural center, a modern, beautiful city with its unique history and sincere, hospitable residents.
Tashkent is famous for its warm climate (average summer temperature: +35 C°, winter: +5 C°), abundance of fruits and vegetables all year round. One, who once visited the Tashkent bazaar, tried the local cuisine, walked in numerous parks and alleys decorated with numbers of elegant fountains, cannot remain indifferent.
People of Tashkent, who are famous for their hospitality, love receiving guests and regard service with great responsibility. Perhaps, for this reason this city is so beloved by tourists from all around the world – people visit this city both for family leisure, and for holding some corporate event. Many people are also attracted by Tashkent’s sightseeing points and numerous architectural monuments, many of which are true treasures of the world culture and UNESCO objects.
Some historical facts:
- First mentions of Tashkent are met in the sources of II-I centuries BC. Name of the city is assumably interpreted as “stone city”.
- In XIV—XV centuries Tashkent was part of the Timur’s empire.
- Under Kokand rule, Tashkent was surrounded by a ditch and a mud battlement with length of nearly 20 km with 12 gates. New part of the city was established after city’s capture by the Russian troops in 1865$ it was separated from the old city by the Anhor canal.
- In 1865 Tashkent was included in the Russian Empire, and since 1867 it had become the main city of Syrdarya Province and Turkestan General Governorship, as well as the center of Tashkent Uezd as part of Syrdarya province.
- During the Great Patriotic War, Tashkent became one of the evacuation centers; factories, plants, theaters, film studios moved here. Many people from occupied European part of the USSR lived in Tashkent during evacuation — for instance, Anna Akhmatova, Faina Rnevskaya, Kornei Chukovskiy.
- After devastating earthquake in 1966, the city was built anew and became one of the most beautiful administrative and cultural, industrial centers of Central Asia.
- Since 1991, Tashkent is the capital of independent Republic of Uzbekistan.