Samarkand is one of the world’s most ancient cities. Established in VIII century B.C., Samarkand was the capital city of Tamerlane’s state. As well as the largest center of the Great Silk Road. Today Samarkand is the second most populous city of Uzbekistan (its population is nearly 0.5 million inhabitants), center of pilgrimage of tourists from all over the world, and UNESCO object.
The city is situated in the valley of Zerafshan River in the south-east of Uzbekistan. The city adjoins closes with powerful mountain massifs of the Zerafshan range in the south (15-20 km) and Turkestan mountain range and its continuation – Gobduntau, Karagchitau from the north and north-east.
Climate of Samarkand is well described in the book “Samariya” by Abu Takhir Khodja, XIX century writer: “Climate of the city is wonderful and moderate, therefore Samarkand carries the title of “Firdaus monand” – “Similar to the Heaven”. Summer time in Samarkand is relatively hot, and cold times are considered as moderate. Pleasant, calm wind blowing from sides, and the air, which increases the joy, brings the peace of mind”.
Samarkand is of the same age of Rome, Athens and Babylon, and has a 2,500-year history. In the course of these millennia, destiny of outstanding statement such as Alexander Macedonian and Ismail Samani, Sultan Sanjar and Chengiz Khan, Amir Temur and Mirzo Ulughbek, Bakha-ad-din Nakshband and Babur was linked to Samarkand. Under Amir Temur Samarkand had the honor of being the capital city of the world power. Due to its architectural and archeological masterpieces, Samarkand, “city of blue domes” is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.