Bukhara – one of the most famous city monuments of Central Asia. Scientist have identified that Bukhara’s age exceeds 2,500 years, and archaeological excavations tell that people started inhabiting this place as early as in IV century B.C.
According to ancient traditions and legends, once prince Siyavash fell in love with King Afrasiyab’s daughter, and after marriage he established the fortress Ark on his territory, which gave the start to grand Bukhara. Skills of craftsmen of this city – weavers, ceramists, wine makers – were well-known far away at all ends of the Great Silk Road, which passed through Bukhara.
City’s location promoted its economic and cultural growth – Bukhara is situated in the downstream of River Zerafshan, where the band of ancient agriculture lays. Bukhara’s climate is tropical, continental: weather is hot, and winter is relatively mild. Average annual temperature: +15.1°C; in July, hottest month: +29.5°C, in January: -0.6°C.
City’s division into old and new Bukhara create a wonderful contrast of epochs – medieval Orient shines in all its beauty, and numerous monuments are constantly renovated and preserved with care by the state. However, Bukhara is an open tourist city, therefore tourist from all over the world come here. Old City’s territory counts over 200 architectural monuments, which date back to various period starting from 10th century to early 20th century.